رابطه نگرش به درس کار و فناوری با نگرش فناورانه دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه ناحیه یک تبریز

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

2 education department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, East Azarbayjan

3 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین رابطه نگرش به درس کار و فناوری با نگرش فناورانه دانش‌آموزان متوسطه ناحیه یک تبریز در سال تحصیلی 98-97 بود. برای تحقق این هدف از روش توصیفی- همبستگی استفاده شد. از بین 15386 نفر جامعه‌ی آماری، کلیه‌ دانش‌آموزان مشغول به تحصیل در دوره متوسطه در سال تحصیلی 98-97 بودند. تعداد 415 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه­ای نسبتی از هر سه پایه (هفتم، هشتم، نهم) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه‌ نگرش به فناوری(لی آ و کوآ، 2014) و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته نگرش به درس کار و فناوری استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده­ها از مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) نرم‌‌‌‌‌‌افزار Smart PLS3.2.8 استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد نگرش به درس کار و فناوری (44/0 خودکارآمدی فناوری، 56/0 ارزش یادگیری فناوری، 56/0 راهبردهای یادگیری فناوری، 63/0 جهت‌گیری هدف فناوری، 64/0 محرک محیطی فناوری، 54/0 ایجاد خودتنظیمی، 68/0 پیاده‌سازی خودتنظیمی) را در نگرش فناورانه دانش‌آموزان تبیین می کند. اهمیت بالای نگرش مثبت به درس کار و فناوری در داشتن رابطه مثبت با مؤلفه‌های ارزشمند (خودکارآمدی، ارزش یادگیری، راهبردهای یادگیری، جهت‌گیری هدف، محرک محیطی، ایجاد و پیاده‌سازی خودتنظیمی) یادگیری فناوری می‌باشد. با توجه به این روابط، پیشنهاد می‌شود برنامه درسی کار و فناوری بیش از پیش مورد توجه قرار گیرد و اهداف و محتوا و راهبردهای یاددهی-یادگیری آن به طور کاربردی و عملی تهیه و اجرا شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Attitude to Career and Technology Course with Technological Attitude of High School Students in Tabriz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Hosseinzadeh Nabati 1
  • Firooz Mahmoodi 2
  • Yousef Adib 3
1 Tabriz
2 education department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, East Azarbayjan
3 Tabriz
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between attitude to career and technology course and technological attitude. This research is a quantitative, an applied in terms of purpose, and a correlation-descriptive study. The population consisted of all 15386 high school students in district 1 of education organization at Tabriz in 2018-2019. The 415 students selected as sample by random stratified sampling. Data were collected from 415 secondary education students through Technology Attitude Questionnaire (Lioua and Kuo, 2014) and a researcher-made questionnaire to assess attitudes toward career and technology course and were analyzed using a two-step Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach with Smart Pls 3.2.8. After testing the adequacy of the measurement model, the structural model showed that attitudes to career and technology course significantly predicted technological attitude, such as Technology Learning self-efficacy(0.44), Technology learning value (0.56), Technology learning strategies (0.56), Technology Learning goal orientation (.63), environment stimulation (0.64), Technology Learning self-regulation triggering (0.54), Technology Learning self-regulation-implementing (0.68).these results shed light on the critical role of career and technology course for students’ technological attitude. Due to these relationships, it is suggested that the curriculum of work and technology be given more attention and that its objects, content, and teaching-learning strategies be prepared and implemented in a practical style.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology learning self-regulation
  • Technology Learning
  • Career and Technology Course
  • Attitude toward Technology learning
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